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";s:4:"text";s:17368:"", "Mount Etna blows smoke rings during volcanic eruptions", "Skiing Mount Etna: Hit the slopes one day, sail the next", Mount Etna Nord Live Webcams by Linguaglossa H24, Youtube video: eruption phases of Etna (in Italian), Smithsonian Institution: Global Volcanism Program: Etna, City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto, Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale, Longobards in Italy, Places of Power (568–774 A.D.), Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps, Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mount_Etna&oldid=1012792792, Locations associated with Arthurian legend, Articles containing Phoenician-language text, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Pages using infobox mountain with deprecated parameters, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Sicilian-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from April 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with multiple identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Footage of the 1971 eruption is featured in the, This page was last edited on 18 March 2021, at 10:27. A study by Iain Stewart, Professor of Geoscience Communication at the University of Plymouth, explores changes in the … The eruption also completely destroyed the tourist station Piano Provenzana, on the northeastern flank of the volcano, and part of the tourist station "Etna Sud" around the Rifugio Sapienza on the south flank. Ash emissions and Strombolian explosions started from a vent on the eastern side of the Southeast Crater in mid-August 2007. Skyin with a unique see view – ph. The lava flows themselves usually do not move fast enough to threaten humans, they can cover large areas and destroy crops and buildings. [47] Video footage of 8 June 2000 event was captured by naturalist filmmaker Geoff Mackley. These were followed by four episodes of lava fountaining, again at the Southeast Crater, on 29 March 11 April 29 April and 7 May 2007. Mount Etna is moving towards the Mediterranean Sea at an average rate of 14 mm (0.55 in) per year, the massif sliding on an unconsolidated layer above the older sloping terrain. Since the year AD 1600, at least 60 flank eruptions and countless summit eruptions have occurred; nearly half of these have happened since the start of the 20th century. The steep walls of the valley have suffered subsequent collapses on numerous occasions. [21], During the first 1500 years AD, many eruptions went unrecorded (or records have been lost); among the more significant are: (1) an eruption in about 1030 AD near Monte Ilice on the lower southeast flank, which produced a lava flow that travelled about 10 km, reaching the sea north of Acireale; the villages of Santa Tecla and Stazzo are built on the broad delta built by this lava flow into the sea; (2) an eruption in about 1160 (or 1224), from a fissure at only 350–450 m (1,148–1,476 ft) elevation on the south-southeast flank near the village of Mascalucia, whose lava flow reached the sea just to the north of Catania, in the area now occupied by the portion of the city named Ognina. Mount Etna, or Etna (Italian: Etna [ˈɛtna] or Mongibello [mondʒiˈbɛllo]; Sicilian: Mungibeddu [mʊndʒɪbˈbɛɖɖʊ] or a Muntagna; Latin: Aetna; Greek: Αἴτνα), is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in the Metropolitan City of Catania, between the cities of Messina and Catania. Towering above the city of Catania on the island of Sicily, it has been growing for about 500,000 years and is in the midst of a series of eruptions that began in 2013. Mount Etna Sicily has three summit craters namely the central crater, the northeast crater and the southeast crater and most of thela explosive eruptions takes place from these craters only. Most occur at the summit, where there are five distinct craters – the Northeast Crater, the Voragine, the Bocca Nuova, and the Southeast Crater Complex (2)currently (as of 2019)[update]. Give you facts about mount etna? The volcano has experienced more than 200 eruptions since then, although most are moderately small. Mount Etna consists of two edifices: an ancient shield volcano at its base, and the younger Mongibello stratovolcano, which was built on top of the shield. Nearby Volcanoes: Stromboli, Vesuvius. The name Mongibel is found in Arthurian Romance, as the name of the otherworld castle (or realm) of Morgan le Fay and her half-brother, King Arthur, localised at Etna, according to traditions concerning them derived from the stories told by the Breton conteurs who accompanied the Norman occupiers of Sicily. Etna's most powerful recorded eruption was in 1669, when explosions destroyed part of the summit and lava flows from a fissure on the volcano's flank reached the sea and the town of Catania, more than ten miles away. Footage from the eruptions was recorded by Lucasfilm and integrated into the landscape of the planet Mustafar in the 2005 film Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith. Etna's eruptions have been documented since 1500 BC, when phreatomagmatic eruptions drove people living in the eastern part of the island to migrate to its western end. -- In 122 BC, when an explosive eruption rained so much ash and lapilli onto the town of Catania that many of its buildings were destroyed by roof collapses, the town's inhabitants were exempted from paying taxes to Rome for ten years. The lava was largely diverted by these walls into the sea to the south of the city, filling the harbour of Catania. The eruption continued at a slowly diminishing rate for 417 days, until 6 July 2009, making this the longest flank eruption of Etna since the 1991–1993 eruption that lasted 473 days. Sapienza Refuge was the finish of Stage 9 of the 2011 Giro d'Italia and Stage 4 of the 2017 Giro. More than 25% of Sicily's population lives on Etna's slopes, and it is the main source of income for the island, both from agriculture (due to its rich volcanic soil) and tourism. Italy's Mount Etna erupted for the second time this month Tuesday evening. Shortly after the blasting, the rate of lava emission dropped, and during the remainder of the eruption (until 30 March 1993) the lava never advanced close to the town again.[28]. According to another hypothesis, the term Mongibello comes from the Latin Mulciber (qui ignem mulcet, "who placates the fire"), one of the Latin names of the Roman god Vulcan. Mount Etna, active volcano on Sicily’s east coast and the highest active volcano in Europe. Today, the touristic airports in Sicily are the ones of Catania , … ROME – Mount Etna, the volcano that towers over eastern Sicily, evokes superlatives. It runs around the volcano in a 110-km long semi-circle starting in Catania and ending in Riposto 28 km north of Catania. Mount Etna consists of two edifices: an ancient shield volcano at its base, and the younger Mongibello stratovolcano, which was built on top of the shield. 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